Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques focus on grappling and ground fighting and will give you an understanding of how to control and manipulate a strong and aggressive opponent. Learning Jiu Jitsu basics and adding in submissions will allow you to make an opponent give up without having to throw a single punch or kick.
BJJ techniques are a perfect complementary skill for virtually any martial artist with standup experience. Jiu Jitsu enables the martial artist to put together a complete set of skills that will help in any situation, whether it is on the feet or on the ground.
The basic technique and positions will be the foundation in which the new student learns how to move properly and figures out the finer details of the positions. The advanced moves will be built from this solid foundation, but the basics are more than enough to get an individual to an expert level.
BASIC BJJ TECHNIQUES
The Guard – The new Jiu Jitsu student will start out learning a few of the many types of guards. No matter what type of guard you are playing, it comes down to how effectively you are moving your legs and hips. Understanding this point will keep the Brazilian Jiu Jitsu student from trying to muscle opponents with the upper part of the body.
The first guard everyone learns is the Closed guard. This is when the legs are wrapped around the waist of the opponent with the feet locked. The position of the hands can be a grip on the sleeve, collar, or a combination of both.
Half guard focuses on wrapping one of the legs of the opponent with both of yours; this position is maintained by staying on the side and not flat on the back as in the closed guard. This guard is not as strong as a full guard because you are only using half of the body, where a full guard uses all the limbs.
The Hook guard (Butterfly guard) uses the foot as a hook and locks into the inner part of the opponent’s thigh to off balance by lifting and pulling. The Hook guard can be played with one or two hooks depending on how the opponent moves or if they stand or stay on their knees.
There are a lot of Jiu Jitsu basics that can be applied with the Open guard. This provides the opportunity to transition into other guards with good leg and hip movement. Starting with both feet on the hips lets you keep the opponent from driving in and closing the space.
Passing Guard is no easy task and is considered to be one of the harder positions to learn when first starting out. Getting by the legs and hips and controlling the opponent for at least 3 seconds requires good balance and posture. Focus on using all the proper angles and combining your passes will help you to work your way around or threw your opponents legs.
Once you have passed the guard, you will most likely end up in Side Control. Focus on staying tight and allowing no space while controlling the position first then going for a submission Jiu Jitsu technique or transitioning to another position.
The Mount position is when you are on top of the opponent with your knees pinched on the waist and your hands are free to be used as a base or to grip for attacks. This is considered a dominant position because the individual escaping has to carry your weight no matter which way they move.
Back control is considered another position of dominance and is an effective way to wear down your opponent and set up some of the best choke submissions. The focus of this position is to keep your chest tightly glued to the opponents back and keep your hooks (feet) connected to the inner thighs.
Escapes – At first it will seem like you are in survival mode, but as a better understanding is gained from each of the positions your escapes improve. The main focus should be to keep your arms by your sides and use hip movement to create space to replace guard or go to your knees.
Submissions are what you should be striving for but not at first. Just like positional training, you will have to put some time in drilling technique and rolling to improve the setup and timing to execute the move. The four basic submissions are: Arm lock, Choke, Triangle, and Omoplata.
Learning the fundamental Jiu Jitsu techniques at Mass Bay BJJ will give the new student a starting point to build from and provide the necessary skills to advance their Brazilian Jiu Jitsu game to the next level. The Jiu Jitsu Basics are crucial to anyone wanting to control an opponent on the ground.